Staff selection commission conducts CGL (Combined Graduate Level) Exam every year to screen suitable candidates for filling up of various Group B and Group C posts in different Ministries/Departments/Organizations of the government of India.
SSC CGL EXAM OVERVIEW
Various exams are conducted by SSC to recruit suitable candidates for various government organizations, departments and offices. SSC CGL exam is one of those exams.
SSC CGL is conducted every year to fill Group B and Group C posts under government of India. This exam is conducted in 4 stages.
SSC CGL SYLLABUS
TIER I:
GENERAL INTELLIGENCE & REASONING:
It would include questions of both verbal and nonverbal type.
 Analogies
 Similarities and differences
 Space visualization
 Spatial orientation
 Problem solving
 Analysis
 Judgment
 Decision making
 Visual memory
 Discrimination
 Observation
 Relationship concepts
 Arithmetical reasoning and figural classification
 Arithmetic number series
 Nonverbal series
 Coding and decoding
 Statement conclusion
 Syllogistic reasoning
 Semantic Analogy
 Symbolic/ Number Analogy
 Figural Analogy
 Semantic Classification
 Symbolic/ Number Classification
 Figural Classification
 Semantic Series
 Number Series
 Figural Series
 Problem Solving
 Word Building
 Coding & decoding
 Numerical Operations
 Symbolic Operations
 Trends
 Space Orientation
 Space Visualization
 Venn Diagrams
 Drawing inferences
 Punched hole/ pattern folding & unfolding
 Figural Pattern folding and completion
 Indexing
 Address matching
 Date & city matching
 Classification of center codes/roll numbers
 Small & Capital letters/ numbers coding
 Decoding and classification
 Embedded Figures
 Critical thinking
 Emotional Intelligence
 Social Intelligence
 Other subtopics, if any
GENERAL AWARENESS:
Questions in this component will be aimed at testing the candidates‟ general awareness of the environment around him and its application to society. Questions will also be designed to test knowledge of current events and of such matters of every day observations and experience in their scientific aspect as may be expected of any educated person. The test will also include questions relating to India and its neighboring countries especially pertaining History, Culture, Geography, Economic Scene, General Policy & Scientific Research.
QUANTITATIVE APTITUDE:
The questions will be designed to test the ability of appropriate use of numbers and number sense of the candidate.
 Computation of whole numbers
 Decimals
 Fractions and relationships between numbers
 Percentage
 Ratio & Proportion
 Square roots
 Averages
 Interest
 Profit and Loss
 Discount
 Partnership Business
 Mixture and Alligation
 Time and distance
 Time & Work
 Basic algebraic identities of School Algebra & Elementary surds
 Graphs of Linear Equations
 Triangle and its various kinds of centers
 Congruence and similarity of triangles
 Circle and its chords, tangents
 Angles subtended by chords of a circle
 Common tangents to two or more circles
 Triangle
 Quadrilaterals
 Regular Polygons
 Circle
 Right Prism
 Right Circular Cone
 Right Circular Cylinder
 Sphere
 Hemispheres
 Rectangular Parallelepiped
 Regular Right Pyramid with triangular or square base
 Trigonometric ratio
 Degree and Radian Measures
 Standard Identities
 Complementary angles
 Heights and Distances
 Histogram
 Frequency polygon
 Bar diagram & Pie
ENGLISH COMPREHENSION:
Candidate’s ability to understand correct English, his/ her basic comprehension and writing ability, etc. would be tested.
The questions in Parts A, B, & D will be of a level commensurate with the essential qualification viz. Graduation and questions in PartC will be of 10^{th} standard level.
TIER II
PAPER I (QUANTITATIVE ABILITIES)
The questions will be designed to test the ability of appropriate use of numbers and number sense of the candidate.
 Computation of whole numbers
 Decimals
 Fractions and relationships between numbers
 Percentage
 Ratio & Proportion
 Square roots
 Averages
 Interest
 Profit and Loss
 Discount
 Partnership Business
 Mixture and Alligation
 Time and distance
 Time & Work
 Basic algebraic identities of School Algebra & Elementary surds
 Graphs of Linear Equations
 Triangle and its various kinds of centers
 Congruence and similarity of triangles
 Circle and its chords, tangents
 Angles subtended by chords of a circle
 Common tangents to two or more circles
 Triangle
 Quadrilaterals
 Regular Polygons
 Circle
 Right Prism
 Right Circular Cone
 Right Circular Cylinder
 Sphere
 Hemispheres
 Rectangular Parallelepiped
 Regular Right Pyramid with triangular or square base
 Trigonometric ratio
 Degree and Radian Measures
 Standard Identities
 Complementary angles
 Heights and Distances
 Histogram
 Frequency polygon
 Bar diagram & Pie
PAPERII (ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND COMPREHENSION):
Questions in this component will be designed to test the candidate’s understanding and knowledge of English Language and will be based on
 Spot the error
 Fill in the blanks
 Synonyms
 Antonyms
 Spelling/ detecting misspelled words
 Idioms & phrases
 One word substitution
 Improvement of sentences
 Active/ passive voice of verbs
 Conversion into direct/ indirect narration
 Shuffling of sentence parts
 Shuffling of sentences in a passage
 Cloze passage
 Comprehension
PAPERIII (STATISTICS):
 Collection, Classification and Presentation of Statistical Data – Primary and Secondary data, Methods of data collection; Tabulation of data; Graphs and charts; Frequency distributions; Diagrammatic presentation of frequency distributions.
 Measures of Central Tendency– Common measures of central tendency – mean median and mode; Partition values quartiles, deciles, percentiles.
 Measures of Dispersion– Common measures dispersion – range, quartile deviations, mean deviation and standard deviation; Measures of relative dispersion.
 Moments, Skewness and Kurtosis – Different types of moments and their relationship; meaning of skewness and kurtosis; different measures of skewness and kurtosis.
 Correlation and Regression – Scatter diagram; simple correlation coefficient; simple regression lines; Spearman’s rank correlation; Measures of association of attributes; Multiple regression; Multiple and partial correlation (For three variables only).
 Probability Theory – Meaning of probability; Different definitions of probability; Conditional probability; Compound probability; Independent events; Baye’s theorem.
 Random Variable and Probability Distributions – Random variable; Probability functions; Expectation and Variance of a random variable; Higher moments of a random variable; Binomial, Poisson, Normal and Exponential distributions; Joint distribution of two random variable (discrete).
 Sampling Theory – Concept of population and sample; Parameter and statistic, Sampling and nonsampling errors; Probability and non probability sampling techniques (simple random sampling, stratified sampling, multistage sampling, multiphase sampling, cluster sampling, systematic sampling, purposive sampling, convenience sampling and quota sampling); Sampling distribution (statement only); Sample size decisions.
 Statistical Inference – Point estimation and interval estimation, Properties of a good estimator, Methods of estimation (Moments method, Maximum likelihood method, Least squares method), Testing of hypothesis, Basic concept of testing, Small sample and large sample tests, Tests based on Z, t, Chisquare and F statistic, Confidence intervals.
 Analysis of Variance – Analysis of oneway classified data and two way classified data.
 Time Series Analysis – Components of time series, Determinations of trend component by different methods, Measurement of seasonal variation by different methods.
 Index Numbers – Meaning of Index Numbers, Problems in the construction of index numbers, Types of index number, Different formulae, Base shifting and splicing of index numbers, Cost of living Index Numbers, Uses of Index numbers.
PAPERIV (GENERAL STUDIESFINANCE AND ECONOMICS):
PART A: FINANCE AND ACCOUNTS(80 MARKS):
 Fundamental principles and basic concept of Accounting:
 Financial Accounting: Nature and scope, Limitations of Financial Accounting, Basic concepts and Conventions, Generally Accepted Accounting Principles.
 Basic concepts of accounting: Single and double entry, Books of original Entry, Bank Reconciliation, Journal, ledgers, Trial Balance, Rectification of Errors, Manufacturing, Trading, Profit & loss Appropriation Accounts, Balance Sheet Distinction between Capital and Revenue Expenditure, Depreciation Accounting, Valuation of Inventories, Nonprofit organizations Accounts, Receipts and Payments and Income & Expenditure Accounts, Bills of Exchange, Self Balancing Ledgers.
PART B: ECONOMICS AND GOVERNANCE(120 MARKS):
 Comptroller & Auditor General of India Constitutional provisions, Role and responsibility
 Finance CommissionRole and functions


 Basic Concept of Economics and introduction to Micro Economics: Definition, scope and nature of Economics, Methods of economic study and Central problems of an economy and Production possibilities curve.



 Theory of Demand and Supply: Meaning and determinants of demand, Law of demand and Elasticity of demand, Price, income and cross elasticity; Theory of consumer’s behavior Marshallian approach and Indifference curve approach, Meaning and determinants of supply, Law of supply and Elasticity of supply.
 Theory of Production and cost: Meaning and Factors of production; Laws of production Law of variable proportions and Laws of returns to scale.
 Forms of Market and price determination in different markets: Various forms of marketsPerfect Competition, Monopoly, Monopolistic Competition and Oligopoly ad Price determination in these markets.


 Indian Economy:

 Nature of the Indian Economy Role of different sectors Role of Agriculture, Industry and Servicestheir problems and growth;
 National Income of IndiaConcepts of national income, Different methods of measuring national income.
 PopulationIts size, rate of growth and its implication on economic growth.
 Poverty and unemployment Absolute and relative poverty, types, causes and incidence of unemployment.
 InfrastructureEnergy, Transportation,

 Economic Reforms in India:

 Economic reforms since 1991; Liberalization, Privatization, Globalization, and Disinvestment

 Money and Banking:

 Monetary/ Fiscal policy Role and functions of Reserve Bank of India; functions of commercial Banks/RRB/Payment
 Budget and Fiscal deficits and Balance of payments.
 Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management Act,

 Role of Information Technology in Governance